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Personal identity deals with philosophical questions that arise about ourselves by virtue of our being people (or, as lawyers and philosophers like to say.
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We. The. People. 8. E. pdf - Government 2. Horn at Tarrant County College.
Created: 2. 01. 3- 1. Last Modified: 2. Views. 1. 87. 9. . This page intentionally left blank We the People AN INTRODUCTION TO AMERICAN POLITICS E I G H T H E D I T I O N W. Norton & Company has been independent since its founding in 1.
William Warder Norton and Mary D. Herter Norton fi rst published lectures delivered at the People’s Institute, the adult education division of New York City’s Cooper Union. The Nortons soon expanded their program beyond the Institute, publishing books by celebrated academics from America and abroad. By mid- century, the two major pillars of Norton’s publishing program—trade books and college texts—were fi rmly established. In the 1. 95. 0s, the Norton family transferred control of the company to its employees, and today—with a sta of four hundred and a comparable number of trade, college, and professional titles published each year—W. Norton & Company stands as the largest and oldest publishing house owned wholly by its employees.
Richard Reeves provides an introduction to the Center on Children and Families’ Essay Series on Character and Opportunity. This is a superb collection of essays.
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Editor: Ann Shin Assistant editor: Jake Schindel Project editor: Melissa Atkin Senior production manager: Benjamin Reynolds Book design: Lissi Sigillo Information Graphics Design: Kiss Me I’m Polish LLC, New York Design director: Rubina Yeh Managing editor, College: Marian Johnson Composition: Jouve Manufacturing: R. Donnelley & Sons—Je erson City, MO Photo editor: Junenoire Mitchell Photo research: Patty Cateura, Elyse Rieder, and Rae Grant E- media editor: Peter Lesser Marketing manager: Nicole Netherton Library of Congress Cataloging- in- Publication Data Ginsberg, Benjamin. United States—Politics and government—Textbooks.
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We the People AN INTRODUCTION TO AMERICAN POLITICS B W. NORTON & COMPANY NEW YORK LONDON Benjamin Ginsberg THE JOHNS HOPKINS UNIVERSITY Theodore J. Lowi CORNELL UNIVERSITY Margaret Weir UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA AT BERKELEY E I G H T H E D I T I O N This page intentionally left blank To Sandy, Cindy, and Alex Ginsberg Angele, Anna, and Jason Lowi Nicholas Ziegler This page intentionally left blank v i i Preface xxi Acknowledgments xxiii PART I Foundations 1 American Political Culture 2 What Americans Think about Government 5 Trust in Government 5 Political Ef cacy 8 Citizenship: Knowledge and Participation 9 The Necessity of Political Knowledge 1.
POLITICS AND POPULAR CULTURE Political Knowledge and Comedy Television 1. Government 1. 3 Is Government Needed?
Forms of Government 1. Limiting Government 1. Access to Government: The Expansion of Participation 1.
In uencing the Government through Participation: Politics 1. Who Are Americans? An Increasingly Diverse Nation 1. Immigration and Ethnic Diversity 1.
Immigration and Race 2. Twenty- First- Century Americans 2. Thinking Critically about American Political Culture 2. Liberty 2. 4 Equality 2.
Democracy 2. 6 Liberty, Equality, and Democracy in Practice 2. CONTENTS AMERICA IN THE WORLD Should America Export Democracy? GET INVOLVED Honing Your Political Radar 3. Practice Quiz 3. 3 Chapter Outline 3. Key Terms 3. 4 For Further Reading 3. Recommended Web Sites 3.
The Founding and the Constitution 3. The First Founding: Interests and Con icts 3. British Taxes and Colonial Interests 3. Political Strife and the Radicalizing of the Colonists 4. The Declaration of Independence 4.
The Articles of Confederation 4. The Second Founding: From Compromise to Constitution 4. International Standing and Balance of Power 4.
The Annapolis Convention 4. Shays’s Rebellion 4. The Constitutional Convention 4. WHO ARE AMERICANS? Who Bene ts from the Great Compromise?
The Constitution 5. The Legislative Branch 5.
The Executive Branch 5. The Judicial Branch 5. National Unity and Power 5. Amending the Constitution 5.
Ratifying the Constitution 5. Constitutional Limits on the National Government’s Power 5. The Fight for Rati cation 5. Federalists versus Antifederalists 5. Re ections on the Founding 6.
POLITICS AND POPULAR CULTURE Federalists versus Antifederalists: The Debate Gets Personal 6. The Citizen’s Role and the Changing Constitution 6. Amendments: Many Are Called, Few Are Chosen 6. AMERICA IN THE WORLD The American Constitution: A Model for the World? The Case of the Equal Rights Amendment 6.
Which Were Chosen? An Analysis of the Twenty- seven 6. The Supreme Court and Constitutional Amendment 6.
Thinking Critically about Liberty, Equality, and Democracy 6. GET INVOLVED Amending the Constitution 6. Practice Quiz 7. 1 Chapter Outline 7. Key Terms 7. 2 For Further Reading 7. Recommended Web Sites 7. CONTENTS i x 3 Federalism 7. Federalism in the Constitution 7.
The Powers of the National Government 7. The Powers of State Government 7. State Obligations to Each Other 7.
POLITICS AND POPULAR CULTURE From the Entertainment World to State and Local Politics 8. Local Government and the Constitution 8. The Changing Relationship between the Federal Government and the States 8. Restraining National Power with Dual Federalism 8. Federalism and the Slow Growth of the National Government’s Power 8. The Changing Role of the States 8.
AMERICA IN THE WORLD International Trade Agreements and the States 8. Who Does What? Public Spending and the Federal Framework 9. The New Deal 9. 0 Federal Grants 9.
Cooperative Federalism 9. Regulated Federalism and National Standards 9. New Federalism and State Control 9.
Devolution: For Whose Bene t? Federalism since 2. WHO ARE AMERICANS? Who Bene ts from Federal Spending? GET INVOLVED Take Action at the State Level 1. Thinking Critically about the Federal System 1.
Practice Quiz 1. 07 Chapter Outline 1. Key Terms 1. 08 For Further Reading 1. Recommended Web Sites 1. Civil Liberties 1. A Brief History of the Bill of Rights 1. Nationalizing the Bill of Rights 1. The First Amendment and Freedom of Religion 1.
Separation between Church and State 1. Free Exercise of Religion 1. The First Amendment and Freedom of Speech and the Press 1. Freedom of the Press 1. The Second Amendment and the Right to Bear Arms 1.
Rights of the Criminally Accused 1. The Fourth Amendment and Searches and Seizures 1. The Fifth Amendment 1.
WHO ARE AMERICANS? The Sixth Amendment and the Right to Counsel 1.
The Eighth Amendment and Cruel and Unusual Punishment 1. CONTENTS AMERICA IN THE WORLD The Death Penalty 1.
The Right to Privacy 1. POLITICS AND POPULAR CULTURE Facebook and the Right to Privacy 1.
Thinking Critically about the Future of Civil Liberties 1. GET INVOLVED Free Speech on Campus 1. Practice Quiz 1. 47 Chapter Outline 1. Key Terms 1. 48 For Further Reading 1. Recommended Web Sites 1. Civil Rights 1. 50 The Struggle for Civil Rights 1. Slavery and the Abolitionist Movement 1.
The Link to the Women’s Rights Movement 1. The Civil War Amendments to the Constitution 1. Civil Rights and the Supreme Court: “Separate but Equal” 1.
Organizing for Equality 1. Litigating for Equality after World War II 1. Civil Rights after Brown v. Board of Education 1. The Civil Rights Acts 1. The Universalization of Civil Rights 1. Women and Gender Discrimination 1.
WHO ARE AMERICANS? Have Women Achieved Equal Rights? Latinos 1. 76 Asian Americans 1. Native Americans 1. AMERICA IN THE WORLD Human Rights and International Politics 1.
Disabled Americans 1. The Aged 1. 83 Gays and Lesbians 1. Af rmative Action 1. POLITICS AND POPULAR CULTURE Television and Public Opinion Regarding Minority Groups 1. The Supreme Court and the Burden of Proof 1.
Referenda on Af rmative Action 1. Thinking Critically about the Af rmative Action Debate 1. GET INVOLVED Civil Rights on Campus 1.
Practice Quiz 1. 92 Chapter Outline 1. Key Terms 1. 94 For Further Reading 1. Recommended Web Sites 1. CONTENTS x i PART II Politics 6 Public Opinion 1. Understanding Public Opinion 1. Political Values 2.
Forms of Disagreement 2. How Political Values Are Formed 2. In uences on Our Political Values 2. POLITICS AND POPULAR CULTURE Is There a Culture War in America?
From Political Values to Ideology 2. How We Form Political Opinions 2. Political Knowledge 2.
AMERICA IN THE WORLD How Americans View the World and Vice Versa 2. The In uence of Political Leaders, Private Groups, and the Media 2. Measuring Public Opinion 2. WHO ARE AMERICANS? Who Supported Health Care Reform?
Constructing Public Opinion from Surveys 2. Thinking Critically about Public Opinion and Democracy 2. GET INVOLVED Become a Savvy Consumer of Polls 2. Practice Quiz 2. 33 Chapter Outline 2. Key Terms 2. 34 For Further Reading 2. Recommended Web Sites 2. The Media 2. 36 The Media Industry and Government 2.
Types of Media 2. WHO ARE AMERICANS? Who Follows the News—and How? POLITICS AND POPULAR CULTURE The Internet, Blogs, and the Transformation of Political News 2. Regulation of the Broadcast Media 2. Organization and Ownership of the Media 2.
Nationalization of the News 2. News Coverage 2. 49 Journalists 2. Subjects of the News 2. The Power of Consumers 2. Media Power in American Politics 2. Shaping Events 2. The Sources of Media Power 2.
CONTENTS AMERICA IN THE WORLD What the Media Tell Americans about the World and the World about America 2. The Rise of Adversarial Journalism 2. Thinking Critically about Media Power and Democracy 2. GET INVOLVED Become an Informed and Vocal News Critic 2.
Practice Quiz 2. 65 Chapter Outline 2. Key Terms 2. 66 For Further Reading 2. Recommended Web Sites 2. Political Participation and Voting 2. Forms of Political Participation 2. Voting 2. 74 Who Participates, and How?
WHO ARE AMERICANS? African Americans 2. Latinos 2. 82 Asian Americans 2.
Women versus Men 2. Religious Identity and Politics 2.
Age and Participation 2. Explaining Political Participation 2. Socioeconomic Status 2.
POLITICS AND POPULAR CULTURE Digital Media and the New Political Engagement 2. Civic Engagement 2. Formal Obstacles 2. Political Mobilization 2. Thinking Critically about Political Participation and Liberty, Equality, and Democracy 2.