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Microsoft Word - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Microsoft Word is a word processor developed by Microsoft. It was first released on October 2. Commercial versions of Word are licensed as a standalone product or as a component of Microsoft Office, Windows RT or the discontinued Microsoft Works suite.
Microsoft Word Viewer and Office Online are freeware editions of Word with limited features. History. In 1. 98. Microsoft ported Word to Mac OS. This was made easier by Word for DOS having been designed for use with high- resolution displays and laser printers, even though none were yet available to the general public. It fulfilled a need for a word processor that was more capable than Mac. Write. Word 3. 0 included numerous internal enhancements and new features, including the first implementation of the Rich Text Format (RTF) specification, but was plagued with bugs. Within a few months, Word 3.
Word 3. 0. 1, which was mailed free to all registered users of 3. Word 5. 1 for Mac OS, released in 1. Many users say it is the best version of Word for Mac OS ever created.
Wiki How to Create a Made Up Word. Three Methods: Borrowing a Word Creating Your Own Word Word Help Community Q&A. Make sure your word sounds English (ex. Ring+Toe can be Rine or Tong). Don't worry about skipping. Intel Digital Safety Program; Additional Resources. Puzzlemaker; Clip Art; Ready Zone; Students. Explore Student Resources Homework Help. Math; Science; English; Social. On each line enter a word followed by a space and.
The Atari ST version was a port of Word 1. Mac OS. With the release of Windows 3. Microsoft soon became the market leader for word processors for IBM PC- compatible computers. Both the Windows and Mac OS versions would start from the same code base. It was abandoned when it was determined that it would take the development team too long to rewrite and then catch up with all the new capabilities that could have been added in the same time without a rewrite. Instead, the next versions of Word for Windows and Mac OS, dubbed version 6.
Word for Windows 2. It introduced Auto.
Correct, which automatically fixed certain typing errors, and Auto. Format, which could reformat many parts of a document at once.
While the Windows version received favorable reviews (e. Info. World. Many accused it of being slow, clumsy and memory intensive, and its user interface differed significantly from Word 5. Available stand- alone or as part of the Microsoft Office suite, Word contains rudimentary desktop publishing capabilities and is the most widely used word processing program on the market. Word files are commonly used as the format for sending text documents via e- mail because almost every user with a computer can read a Word document by using the Word application, a Word viewer or a word processor that imports the Word format (see Microsoft Word Viewer). Word 6 for Windows NT was the first 3. It was a straightforward port of Word 6. Starting with Word 9.
Word were named after the year of its release, instead of its version number. Its first version of Word, Word 9. Office 9. 8 Macintosh Edition. Document compatibility reached parity with Word 9. Users could choose the menus and keyboard shortcuts to be similar to either Word 9. Windows or Word 5 for Mac OS.
Word 2. 00. 1, released in 2. Office Clipboard, which allowed users to copy and paste multiple items.
Word X, released in 2. OS X, and introduced non- contiguous text selection. It included a new Notebook Layout view for taking notes either by typing or by voice. It also included a new view focused on publishing layout, integrated bibliography management, and native support for the new Office Open XML format.
It was the first version to run natively on Intel- based Macs. Word 2. 01. 1, released in October 2. Elements Gallery in favor of a Ribbon user interface that is much more similar to Office for Windows, and includes a full- screen mode that allows users to focus on reading and writing documents, and support for Office Web Apps. File formats. According to Joel Spolsky, Word Binary File Format is extremely complex mainly because its developers had to accommodate an overwhelming number of features and prioritize performance over anything else.
As with all OLE Compound Files, Word Binary Format consists of . Each storage may contain streams or other storages.
Each Word Binary File must contain a stream called . The document formats of the various versions change in subtle and not so subtle ways (such as changing the font, or the handling of more complex tasks like footnotes). Formatting created in newer versions does not always survive when viewed in older versions of the program, nearly always because that capability does not exist in the previous version. Up until the release of Service Pack 2 (SP2) for Office 2. Word did not natively support reading or writing ODF documents without a plugin, namely the SUN ODF Plugin or the Open. XML/ODF Translator. With SP2 installed, ODF format 1.
Word 2. 00. 7. This statement was repeated in the following months. This work was started in response to government requests for interoperability with ODF. The goal of project was not to add ODF support to Microsoft Office, but only to create a plugin and an external toolset. It can also be used to create and display simple line- art.
No version of Microsoft Word has support for the common SVG vector image format. Features and flaws.
The following are some aspects of its feature set. Templates. Users can find how to do this under the Help section located near the top right corner (Word 2. Windows 8). Word. Art. Users can apply formatting effects such as shadow, bevel, glow, and reflection to their document text as easily as applying bold or underline.
Users can also spell- check text that uses visual effects, and add text effects to paragraph styles. A Macro is a rule of pattern that specifies how a certain input sequence (often a sequence of characters) should be mapped to an output sequence according to defined process. Frequently used or repetitive sequences of keystrokes and mouse movements can be automated.
Like other Microsoft Office documents, Word files can include advanced macros and even embedded programs. The language was originally Word. Basic, but changed to Visual Basic for Applications as of Word 9.
This extensive functionality can also be used to run and propagate viruses in documents. The tendency for people to exchange Word documents via email, USB flash drives, and floppy disks made this an especially attractive vector in 1. A prominent example was the Melissa virus, but countless others have existed. These macro viruses were the only known cross- platform threats between Windows and Macintosh computers and they were the only infection vectors to affect any OS X system up until the advent of video codec trojans in 2. Microsoft released patches for Word X and Word 2. Mac by 2. 00. 6. Word's macro security setting, which regulates when macros may execute, can be adjusted by the user, but in the most recent versions of Word, is set to HIGH by default, generally reducing the risk from macro- based viruses, which have become uncommon.
Layout issues. Since Word 2. Other layout deficiencies of Word include the inability to set crop marks or thin spaces. Various third- party workaround utilities have been developed.
It also features a numbering system that helps add correct numbers to pages, chapters, headers, footnotes, and entries of tables of content; these numbers automatically change to correct ones as new items are added or existing items are deleted. Bullets and numbering can be applied directly to paragraphs and convert them to lists. In particular, a second irrelevant numbered list might have not started with number one, but instead resumed numbering after the last numbered list.
Although Word 9. 7 supported a hidden marker that said the list numbering must restart afterwards, the command to insert this marker (Restart Numbering command) was only added in Word 2. However, if one cut the first item of the listed and pasted it as another item, e. Depending on the version, Word can perform simple calculations.
Formulae are supported as well. Auto. Summarize. The amount of text to be retained can be specified by the user as a percentage of the current amount of text.
According to Ron Fein of the Word 9. Auto. Summarize cuts wordy copy to the bone by counting words and ranking sentences. First, Auto. Summarize identifies the most common words in the document (barring . Auto. Summarize was removed from the Office 2. There's no encryption of documents that are protected by such passwords, and Microsoft Office protection system saves a hash sum of a password in a document's header where it can be easily accessed and removed by the specialized software.
Password to open a document offers much tougher protection that had been steadily enhanced in the subsequent editions of Microsoft Office. Word 9. 5 and all the preceding editions had the weakest protection that utilized a conversion of a password to a 1. Key length in Word 9. However, modern cracking software allows removing such a password very quickly . Use of rainbow tables reduces password removal time to several seconds. Some password recovery software can not only remove a password, but also find an actual password that was used by a user to encrypt the document using brute- force attack approach. Statistically, the possibility of recovering the password depends on the password strength.
Word's 2. 00. 3/XP version default protection remained the same but an option that allowed advanced users choosing a Cryptographic Service Provider was added. Nonetheless, a password can be fairly quickly picked with brute- force attack, because its speed is still high regardless of the CSP selected. Moreover, since the CSPs are not active by the default, their use is limited to advanced users only. Word 2. 00. 7 offers a significantly more secure document protection which utilizes the modern Advanced Encryption Standard (AES) that converts a password to a 1. SHA- 1 hash function 5.
It makes password removal impossible (as of today, no computer that can pick the key in reasonable amount of time exists), and drastically slows the brute- force attack speed down to several hundreds of passwords per second. Word's 2. 01. 0 protection algorithm was not changed apart from increasing number of SHA- 1 conversions up to 1. Reception. It called the software .